What Is the Treatment for Macular Degeneration?

macular degeneration Macular degeneration is a relatively common but serious vision disease that can result in a severe loss of central vision. In some extreme cases, it can even lead to total blindness, although this is rare. Unfortunately, there is no known cure for macular degeneration. However, the right treatments can slow the progression of this disease and protect your vision. This, in turn, could have an immense impact on your quality of life.

Understanding Your Vision and Macular Degeneration

The macula is a small part of the retina found at the back of your eye. The macula measures only about 5 mm in the average adult, yet this tiny feature is largely responsible for your central vision and much of your ability to see fine details. The macula can start to break down, and as a result, you may lose your central vision, or it may become immensely blurry.

Macular degeneration often occurs with age. Doctors still are not quite positive about what specifically causes this breakdown. Environmental factors and genetics likely play a role. It should be noted that as you age, some parts of your body will simply begin to wear out.

Some people also suffer macular degeneration that is not related to aging but instead a condition, such as diabetes and nutritional deficiencies. While such cases are relatively rare, they are every bit as serious. There are also two types: dry macular degeneration and wet macular degeneration, which are explored below.

Treatment for Macular Degeneration

Treatment will depend on which type of macular degeneration you have. Wet macular degeneration is often related to the growth of irregular blood vessels in the eye and fluid leaks. Wet degeneration is typically more severe than the dry form, especially if left untreated. Fortunately, this type of degeneration is actually more treatable. Anti-VEGF medicines and Photodynamic Light Therapy can stop the growth of or destroy irregular blood vessels.

The causes of dry macular degeneration are not yet known, and there is no way to reverse damage or permanently halt this condition. That said, researchers are working on treatments, so this could change. Vitamin supplements, a healthy diet, and avoiding habits that may increase risks, such as smoking, may substantially slow the progress of the disease.

Schedule an Appointment Today

To learn more about macular degeneration, contact the Central Florida Eye Institute in Ocala, FL, at 352-237-8400 to schedule an appointment. Dr. Thomas Croley can help you better understand this condition and the treatment options available to help.

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